What is the New Federal Estate Tax Exemption Amount in 2018?
In 2018 the federal Estate Tax Exemption is 11.2 million for an individual or 22.4 million for a married couple.
The federal estate tax exemption rate roughly doubled from 2017 when it was $5,490,000 per person and $10,980,000 for a married couple. The new 2018 Estate Tax Rate will be effective for the estate of decedents who passed away after December 31, 2017.
What is the Federal Estate Tax?
The federal estate tax is a tax imposed by the IRS on property that is transferred from an estate after a decedents death. The Estate Tax is not imposed until that total value of an estate exceeds meets a certain threshold. That threshold is called the Federal Estate Tax Exemption Amount. Estates whose value exceeds the exemption amount are taxed at the federal estate tax rate of 40% in 2018. The total value an estate is found by taking the fair market value of the decedent’s assets at the time of death (not when they were purchased).
This is commonly referred to as the decedents “Gross Estate”. After the decedent’s Gross Estate is determined the estate representatives may take certain deductions which will lower the value of the decedents Gross Estate. What is left is the “Taxable Estate”. If the Taxable Estate value is over the current Federal Estate Exemption amount, then the estate will be required to pay the Estate Tax on all amounts over the exemption amount. Here is an example:
Portability: What happens to the Federal Estate Tax if you are married?
The “Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010” allows the executor, trustee, or personal representative of an estate to elect to transfer any amounts of the estate tax exclusion that were not used for the decedent’s estate, to the decedents surviving spouse. This concept is called portability. In order to use portability, surviving spouse must file IRS form 706. The surviving spouse may then apply the transferred estate tax exclusion amount received from the estate of their deceased spouse, to offset any tax liability stemming from any future transfers upon death or lifetime gifts.
What new Federal Estate Tax Exemption Means for Estate Planning?
In the past basic estate planning has included some form of tax planning. With the increase in the Federal Estate Tax rate in 2012, and the recent increase in 2018, most families will not be required to pay an estate tax. With that said, in California estate planning is still highly recommended for anyone who 1) owns real estate, 2) has assets valued over 150,000, or 3) those with minor children. Setting up a well-drafted estate plan and trust will allow you to avoid going through probate. For individuals who are over the exclusion amount taxes can still be avoided with proper estate planning and asset protection.
Does California have an Estate Tax?
Luckily, residents of California do not need to worry about the California Estate Tax. California does not collect an estate tax (sometimes referred to as an inheritance tax or death tax). With that said, California residents still have to pay the Federal Estate Tax. However, if their Taxable estate is less than the exemption amount(11.2million for an individual and 22.4 million for a married couple) they will not be obligated to pay any estate tax.
Historical Estate Tax Exclusion Amounts and Federal Tax Rate Chart
|Single Exclusion Amount||Married Exclusion Amount||Max Federal Estate Tax Rate|
|2018||$11.2 million||$22.4 million||40%|
|2017||$5.49 million||$10.98 million||40%|
|2016||$5.45 million||$10.9 million||40%|
|2015||$5.43 million||$10.86 million||40%|
|2014||$5.34 million||$10.68 million||40%|
|2013||$5.25 million||$10.5 million||40%|
|2012||$5.12 million||$10.24 million||35%|
|2011||$5 million||$5 million||35%|
How Odgers Law Group Can Help
If you are concerned about having to pay the federal estate tax, let the estate planning attorneys at Odgers Law Group help you create a strategy to offset any tax liability. We offer free consultations and you can schedule an appointment directly by clicking here or by calling our office a call at (858) 869-1114.